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June 17, 2018

Media, civil society caught offside ahead of elections

Vibrant media needed ahead of Zimbabwe 2018 elections

HARARE- Zimbabwe gears for general elections on 30 July 2018 but media and civil society have failed to scrutinize loopholes in the voters’ registration system.

The new Bio metric Voters Registration, (BVR) system estimated to have chewed over $20million from Government and international donors will not deliver free, credible and fair elections in Zimbabwe, Nhau Mangirazi explains why.

The civil society and the media ‘slept on duty’ to monitor the ten day voters inspection period marred by teething problems.

Media houses remain constrained financially, says Ernest Mudzengi, Zimbabwe Media Center, executive director.

‘‘Reporting on voter inspection is for investigative stories. Unfortunately, some media houses are politically captured for such investigations. They were reactive than being proactive, says Mudzengi.

Investigations reveal that Dambanzara primary school polling station 40 kilometers east of Karoi town under Ward 6, Hurungwe East constituency had some of 401 voters’ names missing.

In Hurungwe Central’s Karoi Ward 2 Youth Center polling station some of 153 voters’ names missing were forced to re-register.

Magunje constituency Ward 10 Charles Clark polling station with 1677 registered voters had some voters names mixed up under Gweru constituency, according to sources.

‘‘These are not isolated cases and we hope ZEC rectified,’’ says Karoi Resident Trust director Travor Chiwanga.

Emmerson-Mnangagwa Zanu PF presidential candidate

Mudzengi says the situation leads to uncritical and cosmetic election reporting.

Vibrant media is the cornerstone of democracy with energetic civil societies but the latest lay back approach, dents good governance electoral process, he observes.

 

 

 

The 10 day voters’ inspection took a backstage unlike BVR blitz in 2017 where an estimated 5.3million registered elections set for 30 July 2018.

‘‘People vote in uninformed ways but unfair electoral practices must be exposed,’’ Mudzengi says.

Aston Marukutira, an independent advocate agrees.

‘‘The fact that voters were not aware of key issues detracts credibility of electoral process. Media failed to inform electorate when it mattered most,’’ he says.

But United Kingdom-based Kent University Electronics Engineer, biometrics expert and researcher Samuel Chindaro blames ZEC.

‘‘It is an extremely fully driven process by ZEC than to cause apathy and confusion,’’ says Chindaro.

Following news

Precious Shumba, Harare Resident Trust, director, accuses media and the civil society of being heavily ‘embedded’.

‘‘Both lacked scrutiny of BVR processes and were determined by what the State or opposition political parties said. Our media was following news based on their preferences and political

MDC Alliance candidate Nelson Chamisa

campaigns,’’ says Shumba.

But Zimbabwe Election Support Network, (ZESN) chairperson Andrew Makoni explains that they deployed 2000 observers during BVR blitz but covered all 210 with long term observers for voters’ inspection whose reports were basis for updates.

‘‘ZESN received reports where inspection officers did not apply regulations uniformly,’’ says Makoni

He reveals that at some centers registrants would sign after checking their names on the voters’ roll while at some centers registrants were not signing.

Chindaro adds lack of knowledge on inspection as a major factor.

‘‘Zimbabwe’s polarized political environment needed more time for inspection to allow flexibility. Awareness campaigns for inspection are crucial,’ urges Chindaro.

Shumba blames citizens for not asking Government or opposition accountability.

‘That is how our politicians take voters for granted’ says Shumba.

BVR a success- Chindaro

However, Chindaro sees BVR as a success story.

‘‘The BVR process itself cannot guarantee missing of voters from database. Technical glitches will occur with or without BVR,’’ defends Chindaro.

Makoni adds that with over 5 million voters who inspected voters’ roll it is a huge improvement from previous electoral cycles.

He says ZESN projections indicated 7.2 million eligible voters though over 70% have registered so far.

‘‘There is need to conduct comprehensive voter education well ahead of electoral processes in future,’’ says Makoni.

But Shumba suggests that cost of elections is never a major issue.

‘‘If those who invested in electoral processes are satisfied, legitimacy is rarely a major problem.  Crisis emerges if key stakeholders raise legitimate concerns and rejection of election system,’ says Shumba.

No key reforms

‘‘Despite lack of key reforms, MDC Alliance and other political parties are convinced with Zanu PF loss. This will never be an indicator of legitimacy crisis,’’ adds Shumba.

But Chindaro differs calling on stakeholders to respect lawfully created institutions to execute their duties professionally.

‘‘Making new demands not covered in current laws reduces engagement and participation by the electorate,’ explains Chindaro.

Makoni concludes by saying, ‘Given that voter registration for the 2018 election closes 2 days after the nomination, it is imperative for ZEC to consider maintain the registration of voters at ward level countrywide to ensure that more voters are registered for the 2018 election.’’.

Elections Resource Centre, (ERC), one of the key organisations did not respond to questions sent to them by the time of writing.

Ward based voting-ZEC

However, ZEC Chairperson Justice Priscilla Chigumba says elections will be ‘unique’ under BVR.

Vote

There were 9360 polling stations for estimated 5,3million prospective voters that will be ward based.

She adds that more polling stations will be added.

Twenty three aspiring presidential candidates filed their nomination papers last week according to Justice Chigumba.

With few weeks to go for polls, both media and civil society have a tall order to rectify the on-going electoral process in the country for a justified free, fair and credible elections with every stakeholder taking a holistic approach.

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June 11, 2018

Chiyangwa accused of duping youths

Filed under: Uncategorized — Nhaudzenyu @ 6:16 pm
Zifa boss Phllip Chiyangwa

Zifa boss Phillip Chiyangwa

Own Correspondent

ZVIMBA– Some soccer loving youths around Zvimba South have accused Zifa president and aspiring candidate Phillip Chiyangwa for duping them by not paying their winning dues recently.

The soccer tournament was held at Sutton Mine.

Eight teams from ten wards within the constituency that cover parts of Zvimba, Great Dyke and surrounding farms participated during the tournament.

‘We played all knock out games that saw Ward 32 and Ward 22 in the finals. Since it was knock-out we settled for a draw after the finals. We went for penalty shoot-out but Chiyangwa assured both teams that he will pay us $200.00 each,’ said one of the disgruntled players at Sutton mine last week.

He added that besides making assurances that he will pay teams representatives, Chiyangwa has failed to honour his promise as of yet.

‘Our captain Clarence Togara made follow ups but Chiyangwa made several promises that he will transfer it via eco-cash and never did. He even assured that he will give it as cash but up to now he has not honoured his promise,’ added some youths.

Togara claimed he is now living in fear after some youths linked to Chiyangwa threatened him for pestering the aspiring candidate.

‘It is true that we were never paid cash after the soccer tournament that Mr Chiyangwa had graced. I am no longer in Zvimba as I fear for my life and security,’ claimed Togara in a telephone interview.

Several youths claimed that Chiyangwa duped them over the soccer tournament payment.

‘We only benefited after teams got uniforms and one match ball during the tournament. We do not know what happened from other teams that went for finals,’ added another player from Ward 21 Tendai Mudanga.

Chiyangwa came under fire for alleged rigging in Zanu PF primary elections that has exposed deep divisions in chaotic primaries.

Chiyangwa has since blocked this writer from communicating with him after the alleged rigging that he claimed he is not accountable to journalists but the Zvimba electorate.

End

Chiwenga denounces corruption in Hurungwe

Filed under: Agriculture,News — Nhaudzenyu @ 6:01 pm
Tags: , , , ,

By Nhau Mangirazi
HURUNGWE- Vice President Constantino Chiwenga on Thursday denounced corruption saying the Government had introduced Command Agriculture to boost food security.
He said this when he addressed party supporters in Tengwe and Magunje.
Hurungwe is one of the national bread basket since independence that has three Grain Market Board, Grain Marketing Board (GMB) depots in Karoi, Magunje, and Mukwichi as well as three stack depots at Vuti, Mudzimu and Zvipani.
Ironically, the district has been in the eye of storm amid allegations of deep rooted corruption by Command Agriculture officials who included army officers working in cahoots from district, province and national officers.

Vice-President-Chiwenga...File Photo

VP Chiwenga… file photo

‘It is unfortunate that VP Chiwenga is denouncing corruption but we had well known provincial and district war veterans office bearers who diverted inputs to non- existent distribution points at some farms no one has been brought to book yet,’ said a war who declined to be named.
Wide allegations were raised at different forums early this year but authorities are still yet to take action, according to some sources.
Army officers seconded for the program fueled corruption in seed and inputs distribution scheme according to investigations.
This resulted in some of the inputs channeled to black market but no one has been brought to book besides complaints raised to authorities.
He said, ‘Report to the police those who are hoarding agricultural inputs in order to use them against the party.’
Chiwenga added that Government will soon introduce Command Mining to cater for registration and proper mining rights for unregistered miners across the country.
He called on party supporters to vote for the party and its candidates ahead of forthcoming elections.
In yet another exposure of double standards by Zanu PF youths sold the party regalia after Chiwenga visit last week.
Insiders revealed that some desperate members paid $1 for T-shirts and $2 for wrapping cloth that was grabbed by some youths mainly from Karoi who were bused to the both rallies.
‘We have heard how party regalia were sold but these youths were hired from Karoi and are not party cadres at all,’ said a villager in Magunje ward 10 on Friday.
Chiwenga visited Tengwe in Hurungwe East and Magunje in a bid to pacify tension that was rising where some party supporters are not happy with those that won primaries.
President Emerson Mngagwagwa has admitted that the primaries were chaotic where allegations of vote buying, rigging and unprofessional conduct marred inter-party democracy.

May 17, 2018

Tongas’ neglected Siakobvu hospital

Filed under: Feature,health,News — Nhaudzenyu @ 4:20 pm
Tags: , , ,

Siakobvu Hospital Photo By Nhau Mangirazi

By Nhau Mangirazi

SIAKOBVU– Forty three year old Julius Mandipa struggles in pain as he nurses a broken arm wrapped in a worn out old blanket.

There is no joy at sight when he visits Siakobvu Hospital where nurses cannot help either because there is no X-ray machine.

Like many villagers here frustration grips him as he has to endure a 210 kilometre journey to Karoi district but there is no ambulance at the hospital.

Like many facing cash crunch, he endures the next day long trip.

After that he connected another 80 kilometre journey west of Karoi to Chidamoyo mission hospital where services are much better than any other public hospitals throughout the country facing health delivery crisis.

This is the sad reality that villagers here are enduring for decades without reprieve in Kariba rural aptly called Nyaminyami.

It has nine health centres, four council clinics and five government clinics all referring to Siakobvu hospital but ironically remains in the same category as any other rural clinic.

As a member of villagers under Chief Mola, Mandipa believes they have been neglected by the Government.

‘We have never been recognised as equal members of a free and liberated Zimbabwe. Some of our forefathers bore the brunt of armed struggle when liberators crossed into Zambia through some parts of this area,’ he says, his dejected face selling out his frustration.

Mandipa is not alone paying the price of irresponsible authorities as some expecting mothers are not spared either.

Part of Siakobvu Hospiital…Photos By Nhau Mangirazi

‘At times we referred them early to Karoi as we feared of child deaths. It was a challenge,’ said one of our sources who once worked at the hospital.

Historically, some of villagers’ forefathers were forcibly driven out of Zambezi basement in late 1950s to pave way for Kariba dam construction as the power base for hydroelectricity benefiting Zimbabwe and Zambia.

These nations share benefits of the project initially funded by the World Bank.

Human-animal conflict

Traditional leaders including Chiefs Mola, Msampakaruma, Negande and Nebiri with thousands of their subjects were left in the animal infested Zambezi valley where animal and human conflicts have been order of the day since then.

For villagers here, it was a blessing when donors complimented Government efforts to build few primary schools dotted around the vast remote areas.

It seemed to be in order for recognising education as a basic human right.

The idea of building Siakobvu clinic in 1981 was a dream of fulfilling health as another human right by Government here.

In 1997, the clinic was upgraded to be fully fledged district hospital covering the rural wards.

Ghost hospital

But this dream is falling villagers as it remains a ghost hospital operating as a clinic ever since then.

It has never had a medical doctor since inception affecting its operations due unreliable electricity and bad road network among other challenges.

“We suffer from blackouts and takes time to be restored within this area,’ said a source declining to be named.

Further investigations revealed that Siakobvu is connected to Gokwe within Midlands and it makes another administrative challenge for reconnection.

‘It is true that Siakobvu is connected to Gokwe and Kwekwe main lines besides drawing electricity from the other side of the valley in Kariba urban,’ said a source within the sector declining to be named for professional reasons.

“Generally, some people will go to either Karoi or Chidamoyo which is over 300 kilometres. Even in Kariba town transport is expensive,’ added our sources.

Part of Siakobvu Hospital that remains neglected in Kariba rural

Outgoing Kariba Member of Parliament Isaac Mackenzie has lobbied for deployment of doctors in the rural outskirts without success.

‘As much as I have tried to lobby for doctors here, the challenge is that many prefer to work near towns. This has put off prospective doctors. Without basic equipment for the health facility my efforts have failed to change the status quo’ said Mackenzie.

For many villagers here, the recent strike by doctors never meant anything but the subsequent firing and re-engagement of nurses will have physiological effects having been in company for over three decades

March 11, 2018

Voter’s registration supports development- ZEC

Part of the entertainment during Karest-Zec roadshow in Karoi …Photo By Nhau Mangirazi

By Nhau Mangirazi

KAROI– Zimbabwe Election Commission, Zec, district officer for Hurungwe Taona Pfunye has said registered voters will prop up development in their areas if they vote in forthcoming elections.

Speaking during a voter’s registration road shows held in Karoi, Pfunye said it is ideal potential voters register to enhance development of local wards and nation at large.

‘As Zec, we appeal to unregistered voters as your votes count when issues of development are discussed. Hurungwe district can develop if many people register and vote for the candidates of their choice. Zec gives you assurance you all that we want these elections to be peaceful, credible, free and fair. If you want to support any aspiring candidate during nomination court, be they a councillor, Member of Parliament at local level, you cannot do so if you are not a registered voter,’ said Pfunye.

He added that development is critical for elected public officers.

‘It is everyone’s right to be registered and make their voices heard through the electoral process. Office bearers must be accountable to the electorate on how development can be achieved and your vote is the passport to ask them to be accountable. We are appealing to you to register to vote in forthcoming election,’ said Pfunye.

He clarified that registration is on-going and according to Electoral Act, it will only stop after 12 days after nomination court which is still yet to be pronounced by President Emerson Mnangagwa.

ZEC Hurungwe District Officer Yaona Pfunye adressing some resodents in Karoi on Friday...Photos Ny Nhau Mangirazi (1)

ZEC Hurungwe District Officer Taona Pfunye addressing some resIdents in Karoi on Friday…Photos By Nhau Mangirazi

‘When election date is proclaimed by the President, nomination court will seat and for the next 12 days we will be registering potential voters. This is your right and everyone’s right as enshrined by the constitution which is the supreme law of the country,’ he added.

The road shows were held at Chikangwe terminus, central business district and Chiedza where dance groups, Zebra Queens and popular groups of The Boys as well as Baptism of Fire provided entertainment.

Zec is working in collaboration with Karoi Resident Trust, Karest, a local NGO fighting for better service delivery, human rights and accountability.

Karest programs manager Joel Zilala said they partnered with Zec to ensure that everyone is accorded the chance to register and vote in forthcoming elections scheduled later this year.

‘We know that some people missed the Biometric Voters Registration blitz and mop up exercises and could have given up. We are working with Zec as regulating authority to remind them that there is still time to register so that they will vote. We urge people not to be armchair critics if they do not register and vote. They must elect leaders of their choice who must be accountable,’ said Zilala.

November 23, 2017

Of Sadc quiet diplomacy and Zim crisis

Filed under: Feature,Uncategorized — Nhaudzenyu @ 12:41 pm

By Nhau Mangirazi
HARARE- It is nearly nine years after majority of Zimbabweans were denied their democratic space after opposition leader Morgan Tsvangirai had defeated former president Robert Mugabe in watershed elections in 2002.

The controversial elections left many within Southern Africa disappointed and the international world could not do anything.

By then Zanu PF ruling party was caught in sixes and sevens.

Tsvangirai had to turn to Southern Africa Development Community, Sadc to help pacify challenges faced then.

A rerun was effected after results took over three months to come through.

Mugabe was declared winner and he got support regionally and internationally.

For peace loving Zimbabweans, democracy eluded them and no one seemed to care. Former South African President Thabo Mbeki embarked on quiet diplomacy that resulted in Government of National Unity IN 2009.

All hope was not lost as top army officials had belief that Mugabe would hand over power to a potential successor but all was not to be.

His wife Grace was ‘drunk with power’ that she elbowed out former Vice President Joice Mujuru in 2014 through deceit lies and deception among party supporters then.

Early this year she continued her somersaults against potential Mugabe successor Emmerson Mngagwagwa.

All hope was never to be lost after Zimbabwe Defence Forces seized power, putting Mugabe under house arrest.

The suspected coup was a game plan that even international community could not term it that way.

Business went on as usual and there was spirited efforts by majority that Mugabe must leave office.

It was a people’s power against him and a click of his followers

Sadc heads of State met to discuss Zimbabwe crisis that they had neglected to solve earlier on.

Below we publish comments made on Botswana newspaper about Sadc and Zimbabwe crisis.

PeshyWashe Nyangove
I am a Zimbabwean who witnessed first hand how Sadc is always ready to sacrifice ordinary citizens to protect the political elite in power. Countless times Sadc endorsed rigged elections in Zimbabwe as free and fair to protect Mugabe. Sadc through Thabo Mbeki said they was no crisis in Zimbabwe to protect Mugabe. The only President I have respect for in the region is Ian Khama he has been consistent with his views on Mugabe, he has stuck to his principles even if that meant he would be a lone voice among his counterparts. We Zimbabweans we are happy Sadc acted slowly this time and Mugabe resigned before Zuma and Co landed in Harare. Thousands of Sadc citizens are being butchered in DRC yet this Sadc is just there doing nothing. In my opinion Sadc is useless I pity whoever funds it.

Lebohang Tes Ngwako
SADC is toothless dog. Only Botswana is an active member on preserving stability in the region. I long gave up on SADC 2008 when Morgan Tsvangirai was beaten and shamboked day and night while Sadc stood shut regarding the whole political instability there. Only Khama that time questioned the whole Zim Mess. Even prior to their 2008 and the last elections Khama has been critical of Mugabe’s rule up until he resigned.

Telmore Muzanenhamo
In Sadc only president Khama is and Botswana best other members are thiefs happy when people struggling Zimbabwe does not need any organisation to solve our problems for how long? Sadc failed us

Jack Jay-Dee Kgarathi In Zimbabwe situation nope.toothless dog.zimbabwe has been in this disheartening situation,an eyesore to many but SADC never asked him to constitutionally stepdown.SKI was the one who was brave enough to tell RGM to step down but it wasnt enough.he couldnt do it singlehandedly.he needed other SADC heads of states to make that happen.

Tee Mafokate While we could speak of how SADC has failed, let what was actually done by the people of Zimbabwe not be dulled. In fact, all played out so well without a shed of blood. The bigger question would be for international and regional bodies like SADC to know when to intervene and when to let the people of a country handle their business. There was no need for alarms in my view. Well done Zimbos.

Munkondya Thomson Musango The problem is that most heads of nations around SADC are not democratic at all. We all know this but we just keep quiet probably for fear of victimization. I would like to thank our president here in Botswana for voicing out on Zimbabwe mismanagement from a long time up to now. SADC will remain a white elephant until we have presidents who respect the rule of law.

Oscar Ncube SADC is not ours ordinary people but for presidents to protect themselves see how long they protected our former president Mr Mugabe

Coss Chimombe Zuma had to cancel his intended trip to Zimbabwe where he was supposed to ‘mediate’ (whatever that means at SADC) because everything was resolved before he could be of any value .That alone speaks volumes about SADC.

Ike Mants Zuma is just like Mugabe and since the Zimbabwean military has read his mind or tactics, they(zims) were not going to allow the intervention of SADC. That’s why some members of SADC were reluctant on the issue as they expected them (Zims) to solve everything themselves. Only Zuma was for the intervention and not only to save his friend but to prepare for his safety if what happened to Mugabe can befall him (Zuma)

I was in touch with Generals- Zim President elect

Filed under: Uncategorized — Nhaudzenyu @ 11:42 am

By Nhau Mangirazi
HARARE- The Zimbabwe drama after world oldest leader Robert Mugabe ‘resigned’ continues to unfold after President elect Emmerson Mngagwagwa confessed that he was in touch with the Army who seized power two weeks ago.

In his first public appearance few hours after he came back from South Africa in a self imposed exile, he told his Zanu PF supporters that he was in constant touch with the army.

‘I was in touch with the Generals who were briefing me about every move here at home while I was in South Africa. I met several Sadc heads of State including South Africa Jacob Zuma and the international community supported our move. Let us all work together to create jobs jobs and more jobs in the country,’ he said late on Wednesday in the capital Harare.

His speech was broadcast live on State radio stations.

Although Southern Africa Development Community, Sadc on Monday, former President Mugabe tendered his resignation after his party fired him as it worked towards impeachment.

Zimbabwe Editors Forum national coordinator Njabulo Ncube said Mngagwa survival and ascendency in the Zanu PF succession conundrum,

‘He has confirmed what we have known all along, that it was not self correction by Zanu PF but a coup;’ said Ncube.

‘Is to all intents and purposes, courtesy of the machinations of the Generals and military yet citizens are showering praises, elevating him as cult leader’ added Ncube.

He said the opposing has failed to defeat Mugabe but let us be wary of creating another version of Mugabe who had no qualms having his face displayed on anything.

‘Finally, as Zimbabweans we should stop this thing of going to airports to welcome political leaders, especially presidents. Just as during Mugabe’s octopus-grip on power, it appears there are people employed to the new leader. This nuisance must stop;’ said Ncube.

However, Malawi based Collins Mtika senior Investigative journalist at Centre for Investigative Journalism Malawi, CIJM said moves by Sadc to intervene in Zimbabwe crisis was not welcome.

‘SADC is a big boys’ club and has always acted reactively to issues. I think in needs to reflect about its relevance in this time and age. The will of the people transcends the will of monolithic organizations like SADC. It has outlived its usefulness’

A human rights advocate Jack Zaba said, ‘Of course, Mngagwagwa and Army General Constataine Chiwenga had their game plan and goals, and they prevailed. They supplanted Mugabe for their own benefit, indeed not for the opposition. While there was a shared goal in removing Mugabe from power, the after action plan happens in the realm of a ruling Zanu PF party which only changed its leader and nothing of its character. So folks focus on mobilizing people to register as voters and insist on achievable electoral reforms ahead of 2018 elections.’ said Zaba.

He added that there is need to strategize on how to democratically defeat the new Zanu PF at next year’s polls.

On inclusivity he added, ‘Drop those dreams of being in government at the behest of the military and outside a people’s mandate’

Ncube said ‘You do not need to be a rocket scientist to know that it was a coup albeit bloodless and a first in the world where generals smile to the person they have disposed. It was well planned and calculated to hoodwink the African Union and Southern African Development Community Sadc’

Rashweat Mukundu another political and human rights advocate called on the army to return to barracks.

‘The military must go back to the barracks and be separated against politics. Zimbabwe must now focus on public service on deteriorating socio and economic challenges’ said Mukundu.

Mngagwagwa due to be sworn in as President on Friday failed to articulate inclusive of opposition that catapulted their plan for Mugabe exit that saw thousands marching against him last week.

What is Robert Mugabe’s legacy?

Reporting from Zimbabwe, Nhau Mangirazi examines the legacy of nearly four decades of Mugabe rule 21 November 2017

Robert Mugabe has stepped down as President of Zimbabwe today after 37 years in power.

The announcement came during a parliamentary session to impeach him, after he had initially refused to step down – notwithstanding being detained the army.

‘This is a second independence from our own oppressor. The man with iron fist is gone,’ said kombi driver Rodwell Mangava.

In Karoi, a town 204 kilometers northwest of Harare and within Mugabe’s home province, people said they welcomed his resignation. ‘It was long overdue. He must go and rest,’ said 45 year old vegetable vendor Charity Danga.

Fear and loyalty kept him in power

His own party, Zanu-PF, resolved to fire him at the weekend and impeachment proceedings had started.

His wife Grace has been banned from party politics for life, along with others linked to the Generation 40 faction behind the expulsion of ex-vice president Emerson Mngagwagwa.

After winning independence from the British in 1980, liberation leader Robert Mugabe ruled the country for seven years as Executive Prime Minister. For the next three decades he held the post of Executive President – but these years became increasingly tainted by failure and corruption.

Nyaradzayi Gumbonzvanda, a human rights lawyer and African Union Goodwill Ambassador, says now it’s critical to ensure that the political negotiations go beyond discourse on power and party interests, and maintain a clear focus on the social and economic wellbeing of ordinary Zimbabweans.

Fear and violence

According to the many thousands of Zimbabwean citizens who have taken to the streets in the past few days, Mugabe made elections a ‘ritual meant to legitimize him and his Zanu-PF party’.

George Makoni, vice chair of Crisis in Zimbabwe Coalition, says Mugabe used various violent and patronage tactics to ensure he maintained his position as head of state. Fear and loyalty kept him in power.

Major hospitals lack adequate medicines, while Mugabe and his family travel to Singapore for treatment

He manipulated critical institutions constitutionally supposed to be independent, including ‘courts, security forces and traditional leaders among others’, says Makoni.

‘Furthermore, the Zimbabwe Election Commission (ZEC) played to his tune – he is the one who appointed all its officials,’ he adds. ‘ZEC ensured that elections were rigged in his favour. The 2008 elections denied opposition leader Morgan Tsvangirai ascendency to power, despite his having overwhelmingly won the election.’

Achievements…

Gumbonzvanda, a human rights lawyer and African Union Goodwill Ambassador, says Mugabe advanced women’s and children’s rights in Zimbabwe.

She says: ‘No one will deny the achievements the country made in the first 10 years of his rule. A raft of laws addressed the personal rights of women, including the Legal Age of Majority Act and the maintenance and inheritance laws.

‘The major focus on health and education brought major benefits to girls’ school enrolment, reduction of maternal deaths and treatment of HIV/Aids. On the policy front, President Mugabe can pride himself that the country signed almost every law.’

And gains lost

However, she says, most gains were lost or eroded in the last 10 years, as a deep political, economic and financial crisis gripped the Southern African nation.

Mugabe has presided over a nation in which 90 per cent of the population is now unemployed.

‘The impact of loss of jobs and income affected women and girls most,’ says Gumbonzvanda. ‘The evidence is clear from just the scale of domestic and gender based violence, rates of teenage pregnancy and child marriage.’

Another contentious issue has been the massive land grabs Mugabe ordered in in the 1980s, and then in 2000.

With the help of liberation war veterans, Mugabe made aggressive land grabs from former white farmers, as part of a land reform programme that he said would rectify colonial imbalances.

Instead, several thousands of farmers were evicted from farms in the Mazowe area within Mashonaland Central province, east of Harare.

Muzzling the media

Njabulo Ncube, national coordinator of Zimbabwe National Editors Forum, accuses Mugabe of muzzling the media by passing harsh and repressive media laws which have seen the harassment, arrest and assault of journalists.

‘Under his watch, newspapers were closed and have yet to recover; journalists remain jobless and some have died in poverty,’ he says.

‘He is going down in the history of Zimbabwe as a media hangman.’

Ailing health sector

Although Zimbabwe has one of the highest levels of education in Africa, Mugabe stands accused of failing to deliver decent health services: major hospitals lack adequate medicines.

Meanwhile, Mugabe and his family travel to Singapore for treatment.

While most rural women have to walk 30 miles to access local health facilities, Mugabe’s daughter Bona gave birth in Singapore.

Itai Rusike, executive director of the Community Working Group on Health, says that Zimbabwe had made tremendous gains in reducing HIV/AIDS related deaths over the years through multi-sectoral efforts.

‘[But] if the current situation is not addressed urgently, the country will end up losing gains recorded over the past years,’ he adds.

What is most disturbing is that the shortages of anti-retroviral drugs (ARVs) come at a time when the World Health Organisation (WHO) is warning of a drug resistant HIV strain emerging in developing countries. Interruption of drug treatment has been blamed for increases in this new strain.

‘There is evidence of failing access to drugs in recent years, most sharply in clinics that form the frontline of the healthcare system with the community,’ Rusike says.

As the international media focus on the world’s oldest leader, Mugabe may be more.remembered as the man who won much for his country – and lost more.

Zimbabwe’s coup that isn’t a coup

With tanks on the streets and rumours in the newspapers, the world’s oldest leader might be coming to the end of his 37-year rule. Nhau Mangirazi reports from Zimbabwe. 17 November 2017

President Robert Mugabe’s rule in Zimbabwe appears to be coming to an end, five days after the country’s military, the Zimbabwe Defence Forces (ZDF), staged what many are calling a coup.

On Monday, armed soldiers took up positions in key points in the capital city, Harare, and reportedly confined Mugabe to his home.

However, Mugabe made a public appearance today at a university graduation ceremony outside Harare.

A senior official from Mugabe’s Zanu-PF party told the Financial Times that the army – which still refers to him as the President – might allow him to finish his term, which ends next year, provided his wife, Grace Mugabe, ‘[leaves] politics for good’.

The 93-year-old head of state – the world’s oldest leader – has been in power for 37 years, since Zimbabwe gained independence from Britain in 1980. Before the army’s intervention, Grace Mugabe and vice president Emmerson Mnangagwa were locked in an increasingly bitter contest to succeed him.

The army intervened after Emmerson Mnangagwa was fired on 6 November.

ZDF Commander General Constantino Chiwenga has denied claims of a coup, calling it a ‘bloodless correction’.

‘The ZDF is trying to pacify a degenerating political, social and economic situation in our country, which if not addressed may result in violent conflict,’ said Sibusiso Moyo, speaking on behalf of the Zimbabwe National Army.

‘Mugabe and his family are safe and sound and their security is guaranteed. We are only targeting criminals around him who are committing crimes that are causing social and economic suffering in the country, in order to bring them to justice,’ he continued.

The army has been arresting senior government ministers around Mugabe and his wife. An unverified claim circulating major national and international media is that finance minister Ignatius Chombo was found with over $10 million in cash upon his arrest.

A welcome coup?

Many Zimbabweans have cautiously welcomed the army’s intervention and the end of Mugabe’s rule – during which economic and political circumstances had gradually deteriorated.

Mugabe’s legacy includes a 90 per cent unemployment rate and staggering human rights abuses, such as the 2008 post-election violence when hundreds were killed and which was described by Human Rights Watch as ‘state-sponsored violence’.

‘Any ordinary Zimbabwean welcomes any outcome where they are free to enjoy their social and economic rights, as guaranteed by constitution,’ says Virginia Muwanigwa, Director at the Humanitarian Information and Facilitation Centre.

‘There is anger over the loss of thousands of dollars during the 2007-2008 hyper-inflation, and the people that died at the hands of the Zanu PF militias in 2008.’

Harare-based journalist and civil rights advocate Rashweat Mukundu re-iterates that citizens will want to be able to choose a leader in a fair and peaceful process.

‘There is need for a corrective action as stated by the military, and the sustainability of the corrective action will depend on the degree citizen participation and ownership’, he says.

What Happens Next

Five days after the coup, the army has yet to resolve the question of what happens next.

Precious Shumba, director of Harare Resident Trust, says he was expecting the army to have forced Robert Mugabe to hand over power by now.

‘Now that the army has claimed to have taken control of the country, they [should] pronounce a new cabinet, make key appointments to strategic institutions so that Zimbabwe moves forward with certainty,’ he says.

 

October 7, 2017

Develop multi skilled learners- Dr Maguranyanga

Filed under: Uncategorized — Nhaudzenyu @ 12:25 pm

By Nhau Mangirazi

KAROI- An internationally acclaimed social academic has challenged
parents and teachers to assist children to be socially responsible,
morally, physically and intellectually.

Officiating Prize Giving day at Chikangwe Primary School Doctor Brian
Maguranyanga called on parents and teachers to work hard and improve
standards of education for learners besides economic challenges being
faced.

Doctor Maguranyanga (46 years) had his formative years in Chikangwe
where he did his primary education in 1977 said he felt humbled to be
part of a growing success in the farming town here.

“Pupils need to be developed holistically that is morally, socially,
physically or intellectually. I feel happy with inclusion of
performance Arts, Mass display, ICT, Guidance and Counseling and
Agriculture in New Curriculum by our school that groomed me to be
where I am locally nationally and internationally,’ he said.

He added that these disciplines ultimately create a child who is a
whole, disciplined, focused and result oriented.

‘It is my wish that you emulate other schools in Zimbabwe which are
having parents supporting New Curriculum by buying update revised
textbooks for their pupils individually, as schools can not do it
alone due to lack of adequate resources” said Doctor Maguranyanga.

He implored parents to be wary of children social development.

‘In tandem with today’s theme, ‘Transforming the child through the New
Curriculum Innovation, I have seen it fit to delve into elaborating
why New Curriculum is essential. It used to be that over the years
children were to be job seekers after completing Secondary and
Tertiary education but New Curriculum has created a paradigm shift to
create learners who need to be self employers. As parents we to thrive
had to make a our children presentable by purchasing school uniforms
and pay school fees. Without paying school fees there will be no
development at school. No school can fully function without money. As
parents it is our duty to strive harder and pay school fees and levies
on time. Amai vangu vakaita mhoni kuti ndive pandiri saka edzai
kushandira vana ava ndivo nhaka yedu yemangwana,’ he added.

He however said besides embracing ICT, teachers must monitor learners
from surfing pornographic and other ill mannered material.

Chikangwe Primary school is one of the biggest and oldest schools in
Hurungwe district that has an enrollment of 785 girls and 787 boys.

It was established in 1965 and has 39 permanent teachers with 9
trainee teachers.

The school has support from Econet’s Ruzivo hub that is assisting learners.

Doctor Maguranyanga donated 50 000 of the 100 000 bricks needed to
start of a new block for the school.

‘I am part of this community and am obliged to assist in developing
the school that nurtured me to be where am today,’ he said.

Doctor Maguranyanga is a consultant for United Nations Children’s
Fund, International Labour Organisation, Ministry of Health and Child
Care, Transparency International Zimbabwe, Oxfam, Zimbabwe
Anti-Corruption Commission and other international organisations.

Doctor Maguranyanga specialized in Resource Policy and Behaviour and
studied Social work at the University of Zimbabwe. He furthered his
studies at University of Witwatersrand in South Africa obtained his
doctorate at University of Michigan, United State of America.

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